poniedziałek, 21 października 2019

A history lesson in English

The November Uprising

  • Presentation


  • Reading

The November Uprising – what were the Poles fighting for and why?


The partitions

At the end of the 18th century, Poland was divided into three parts between the partitioners: Russia, Prussia and Austria. The period of partitions lasted 123 years. (...) In the Russian partition, the situation was complex. At different times there was a different approach to the Polish issue, from the relatively liberal to the extremely restrictive (...). (https://poland.pl/history/history-poland/the-november-uprising-what-were-the-poles-fighting-for-and-why/)

The reasons

After the defeat of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna established the Kingdom of Poland, also called the Congress Kingdom. In practice, it was dependent on the Russian Empire, but many freedoms were guaranteed: its own constitution, parliament, army, currency and schools. (...) However, the Russian Emperor was always the king, and Russia controlled its foreign policy. (...) the tsar was planning an armed intervention in Paris and Belgium with Polish troops. Of course, the Poles wanted to take no part in it. (https://poland.pl/history/history-poland/the-november-uprising-what-were-the-poles-fighting-for-and-why/)

The outbreak

The uprising broke out in Warsaw on the night of November 29-30, today known as the November Night. It lasted almost a year – from November 1830 to October 1831. (...) (https://poland.pl/history/history-poland/the-november-uprising-what-were-the-poles-fighting-for-and-why/)

The armed struggle began when a group of conspirators led by a young cadet from the Warsaw officers' school, Piotr Wysocki, took arms from their garrison on 29 November 1830 and attacked the Belweder Palace, the main seat of the Grand Duke. (...) The rebels managed to enter the Belweder, but Grand Duke Constantine had escaped in women's clothing. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_Uprising)

During the uprising, dozens of battles took place. One of the most famous was the unresolved battle at Olszynka Grochowska (today in Warsaw). (https://poland.pl/history/history-poland/the-november-uprising-what-were-the-poles-fighting-for-and-why/)

The consequences

Unfortunately, the repressions after the November Uprising were very severe. Those who took part were sentenced to death or sent to Siberia. The tsar abolished the previous freedoms. The Polish army was incorporated into the Russian army, where compulsory military service lasted 25 years. The Polish parliament and administration were liquidated, and later also the Polish system of money, weights and measures. Poland was also required to pay a high tribute. The Great Emigration began – many important artists and activists had to leave the country. It was during this emigration after the November Uprising that the most famous Polish poet, Adam Mickiewicz, wrote the national epic Pan Tadeusz. (https://poland.pl/history/history-poland/the-november-uprising-what-were-the-poles-fighting-for-and-why/)

  • Vocabulary

  1. partitions 
  2. partitioners
  3. approach
  4. issue
  5. defeat 
  6. established
  7. was dependent on
  8. uprising  
  9. broke out
  10. struggle 
  11. duke 
  12. the rebels
  13. dozens 
  14. battles  
  15. unresolved
  16. severe 
  17. were sentenced to death 
  18. tsar  
  19. abolished 
  20. compulsory  
  21. liquidated 
  22. weights 
  23. measures 
  24. tribute 
  25. national epic 

  • Grammar: Past Simple
  1. The period of partitions _________________ (last) 123 years.
  2. In the Russian partition, the situation ____________________ (be) complex.
  3. At different times there __________________ (be) a different approach to the Polish issue.
  4. Russia _________________ (control)  foreign policy of Poland.
  5. The uprising ___________________(break) out in Warsaw on the night of November 29-30
  6. The rebels _________________(manage) to enter the Belweder.
  7. During the uprising, dozens of battles _________________(take) place
  8. The Great Emigration __________________(begin).
  9. Many important artists and activists ___________________(have) to leave the country.
  10.  Adam Mickiewicz ______________ (write) the national epic Pan Tadeusz.

  •  Worksheet to print: 

  • Kahoot:   


  • More:


  • Pictures:

Battle of Olszynka Grochowska


Emilia Plater leading scythemen 1831


Polish 5 złoty coin from the Uprising:

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Listen and read - audiobooks - classic novels

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  2. Sleeping Beauty : by Ross Macdonald
  3. The Great Gatsby : by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  4. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz : by L. Frank Baum
  5. The Old Man And The Sea : by Ernest Hemingway
  6. No One Writes to the Colonel: by G. García Márquez
  7. Sneakers - by Stephen King
  8. You Know They Got A Hell Of A Band : by Stephen King
  9. The Ten O'Clock People: S. King
  10. Dolan's Cadillac : Stephen King
  11. The Doctor's Case: S. King
  12. For One More Day : by M. Albom
  13. People of Darkness : by Tony Hillerman
  14. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
  15. Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade
  16. And Then There Were None : by Agatha Christie
  17. Anna Karenina - by Leo Tolstoy 
  18. A Study in Scarlet : by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
  19. The Metamorphosis: by Franz Kafka
  20. Candide: by Voltaire
  21. Murder On The Orient Express : by Agatha Christie
  22. Stardust : by Neil Gaiman
  23. Holes : by Louis Sachar
  24. The Handmaid's Tale : by Margaret Atwood
  25. Fatherland : by Robert Harris
  26. This Rough Magic : by Mary Stewart
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